Voelkel, Titus (14 December 1841 - 1916)
German "blasphemer" Titus Voelkel was born in Prussian Poland. He studied theology, as well as science and mathematics, lived in Paris, then returned to Germany to teach at the secondary school level for a decade.
In the 1880s, Voelkel became notorious as a rationalist lecturer. In 1885, he became editor in Magdenburg of the Neues Freireligioses Sonntags-blatt and was prosecuted and acquitted for blasphemy five times between 1887-1888. Finally, in 1891, he was found guilty and spent two years in prison.
At the Paris Congress of Freethinkers in 1889, Voelkel represented several German societies.