American Academy of Arts and Letters

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Academy2.jpg

2004 Ceremonial Stage Photo - Photo by Henry Groskinsky


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2007 Ceremonial Stage Photo - Photo by Charlie Samuels



THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND LETTERS

633 West 155th Street, New York, NY 10032 - Architects: McKim, Mead, & White

AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND LETTERS, founded in 1898 as the National Institute of Arts and Letters and limited to 250 members, was an offspring of the American Social Science Association. The original members, chosen by a committee of the Association, included such creative humanists as Henry Adams, Daniel Chester French, Childe Hassam, William Dean Howells, William and Henry James, John La Farge, Edward MacDowell, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Mark Twain, and two future presidents—Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson.

Upon the death of a member, the remaining members choose a replacement. In 1904 the American Academy of Arts and Letters was founded as an inner body of the Institute, with membership limited to fifty persons chosen for special distinction from the membership of the Institute. The first seven chosen were William Dean Howells, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Edmund Clarence Stedman, John La Farge, Mark Twain, John Hay, and Edward MacDowell. Henry James was the first of the eight to be selected by this initial group.

The Institute was incorporated by an Act of Congress signed by President Taft in 1913, and the Academy was similarly incorporated in 1916 under President Wilson. In 1923 a joint headquarters was established at 633 West 155th Street in New York City in a new building donated by Archer Milton Huntington. (Ezra Pound, who was inducted in 1938, once referred to the Institute in a 1950 letter to William Carlos Williams as “the Institute of Farts and Stutters.”)

In 1976, after seventy-two years of separate though related existence, the two groups voted for a merger that made them one institution with a single Board of Directors. In 1992 the Institute dissolved and united into a single body of 250 members, which began 1993 as the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

The Academy also elects seventy-five distinguished foreign artists, writers, and composers as Honorary Members. Other nations have a national academy. For example, the French Academy [[1]] dates to the 1630s and has a fixed membership of forty. The Spanish Academy was founded in 1713 [[2]]. The British Academy of around 750 members was established by Royal Charter in 1902 [[3]].


MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY and year of their election

DEPARTMENT OF ART

Anderson, Lennart 1977
Artschwager, Richard 2002
Bailey, William 1986
Baldessari, John 2008
Barnet, Will 1982
Bartlett, Jennifer 2003
Bloom, Hyman 1974
Boghosian, Varujan 1986
Bontecou, Lee 2004
Bourgeois, Louise 1983
Celmins, Vija 1996
Chamberlain, John 1990
Christo, 1989
Close, Chuck 1992
Cobb, Henry N. 1980
Dine, Jim 1980
DiSuvero, Mark 1986
Dodd, Lois 1998
Downes, Rackstraw 1999
Eisenman, Peter 2001
Escobar, Marisol 1978
Fischl, Eric 2006
Frank, Mary 1984
Frankenthaler, Helen 1974
Freilicher, Jane 1989
Gehry, Frank O. 1987
Giurgola, Romaldo 1977
Graves, Michael 1991
Grooms, Red 2000
Gwathmey, Charles 1976
Hardy, Hugh 1993
Holl, Steven 2000
Hunt, Richard 1998
Irwin, Robert 2007
Jacquette, Yvonne 2003
Johansen, John M. 1979
Johns, Jasper 1973
Johnson, Lester 2004
Kahn, Wolf 1984
Katz, Alex 1988
Kelly, Ellsworth 1974
King, William 2003
Leslie, Alfred 2006
Levine, David 1983
Levine, Jack 1956
Lin, Maya 2005
Mangold, Robert 2001
Marden, Brice 1998
Meier, Richard 1983
Murphy, Catherine 2002
Nauman, Bruce 2001
Noland, Kenneth 1977
Oldenburg, Claes 1975
Olin, Laurie 2005
Oliveira, Nathan 1994
Pearlstein, Philip 1982
Pei, I.M. 1963
Pelli, Cesar 1982
Polshek, James Stewart 2005
Puryear, Martin 1992
Rauschenberg, Robert 1978
Resika, Paul 1994
Roche, Kevin 1970
Rockburne, Dorothea 2001
Rosenquist, James 1987
Rothenberg, Susan 1990
Ruscha, Edward 2001
Ryman, Robert 1994
Serra, Richard 1995
Shapiro, Joel 1998
Sherman, Cindy 2005
Smith, Kiki 2005
Snelson, Kenneth 1994
Spero, Nancy 2006
Thiebaud, Wayne 1986
Tooker, George 1983
Tsien, Billie 2007
Twombly, Cy 1987
Venturi, Robert 1990
Von Rydingsvard, Ursula 2008
Wilson, Jane 1991
Wyeth, Andrew 1950

DEPARTMENT OF LITERATURE

Aaron, Daniel 1997
Abrams, M.H. 2001
Adler, Renata 1987
Albee, Edward 1966
Allende, Isabel 2004
Appiah, Kwame Anthony 2008
Ashbery, John 1980
Auchincloss, Louis 1965
Auster, Paul 2006
Baker, Russell 1984
Banks, Russell 1998
Baraka, Amiri 2001
Barth, John 1974
Barzun, Jacques 1952
Beattie, Ann 1992
Bentley, Eric 1990
Bidart, Frank 2006
Bloom, Harold 1990
Bly, Robert 1987
Brustein, Robert 1999
Calisher, Hortense 1977
Caro, Robert A. 2008
Connell, Evan S. 1988
Coover, Robert 1987
DeLillo, Don 1989
Didion, Joan 1981
Dillard, Annie 1999
Doctorow, E. L. 1984
Eisenberg, Deborah 2007
Erdrich, Louise 1998
Feiffer, Jules 1995
Ferlinghetti, Lawrence 2003
Foote, Horton 1998
Ford, Richard 1998
Fox, Paula 2004
Gaines, Ernest J. 1998
Gass, William H. 1983
Gates, Jr., Henry Louis 1999
Gay, Peter 1989
Gluck, Louise 1996
Gordon, Mary 2007
Gray, Francine du Plessix 1992
Greenblatt, Stephen 2008
Guare, John 1989
Gurganus, Allan 2007
Gurney, A. R. 2006
Hall, Donald 1989
Harrison, Jim 2007
Hass, Robert 2002
Hazzard, Shirley 1982
Hoagland, Edward 1982
Hollander, John 1979
Howard, Richard 1983
Huxtable, Ada Louise 1977
Irving, John 2001
Johnson, Diane 1999
Kaplan, Justin 1985
Keene, Donald 1986
Keillor, Garrison 2001
Kennedy, William 1993
Kincaid, Jamaica 2004
Kinnell, Galway 1980
Kushner, Tony 2005
Lee, Harper 2007
Levine, Philip 1997
Linney, Romulus 2002
Lurie, Alison 1989
Malcolm, Janet 2001
Mamet, David 1994
Matthiessen, Peter 1974
McClatchy, J. D. 1999
McCullough, David 2006
McPhee, John 1988
Merwin, W. S. 1972
Moore, Lorrie 2006
Morrison, Toni 1981
Muldoon, Paul 2008
Murray, Albert 1997
Oates, Joyce Carol 1978
Ozick, Cynthia 1988
Pinsky, Robert 1999
Poirier, Richard 1999
Price, Reynolds 1988
Proulx, Annie 2007
Roth, Philip 1970
Russell, John 1996
Sacks, Oliver 1996
Salter, James 2000
Shawn, Wallace 2006
Shepard, Sam 1986
Simic, Charles 1995
Smiley, Jane 2001
Smith, William Jay 1975
Snodgrass, W. D. 1972
Snyder, Gary 1987
Spencer, Elizabeth 1985
Stone, Robert 1994
Strand, Mark 1981
Tate, James 2004
Terkel, Studs 1997
Theroux, Paul 1984
Trillin, Calvin 2008
Updike, John 1964
Vendler, Helen Hennessy 1993
Vidal, Gore 1999
Warren, Rosanna 2005
Weaver, William 1992
White, Edmund 1996
Wiesel, Elie 1996
Wilbur, Richard 1957
Williams, C.K. 2003
Williams, Joy 2008
Wills, Garry 1995
Wilson, Lanford 2004
Wolfe, Tom 1999
Wright, Charles 1995

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC

Adams, John 1997
Adler, Samuel 2001
Anderson, T.J. 2005
Argento, Dominick 1980
Babbitt, Milton 1965
Bassett, Leslie 1981
Beaser, Robert 2004
Beeson, Jack 1976
Bolcom, William 1993
Brant, Henry 1979
Bresnick, Martin 2006
Carter, Elliott 1956
Chou, Wen-chung 1982
Coleman, Ornette 1997
Corigliano, John 1991
Crumb, George 1975
Davidovsky, Mario 1982
Del Tredici, David 1984
Dello Joio, Norman 1961
Floyd, Carlisle 2001
Foss, Lukas 1962
Glass, Philip 2003
Harbison, John 1992
Husa, Karel 1994
Jolas, Betsy 1983
Kirchner, Leon 1962
Laderman, Ezra 1991
Lieberson, Peter 2006
Perle, George 1978
Ran, Shulamit 2003
Rands, Bernard 2004
Reich, Steve 1994
Rorem, Ned 1979
Rouse, Christopher 2002
Schuller, Gunther 1967
Schwantner, Joseph 2002
Sondheim, Stephen 1983
Stucky, Steven 2007
Thorne, Francis 1988
Tower, Joan 1998
Walker, George 1999
Ward, Robert 1967
Wilson, Olly 1995
Wuorinen, Charles 1985
Wyner, Yehudi 1999
Zwilich, Ellen Taaffe 1992

AMERICAN HONORARY MEMBERS

Allen, Woody 1987
Brown, Trisha 1997
Cunningham, Merce 1984
Ma, Yo-Yo 2008
Penn, Irving 2003
Scorsese, Martin 2000
Taylor, Paul 1989
Tharp, Twyla 1997
Wilson, Robert 2000
Wiseman, Frederick 2001

FOREIGN HONORARY MEMBERS

Abakanowicz, Magdalena 1996
Achebe, Chinua 1982
Akhmadulina, Bella 1977
Ando, Tadao 2001
Andriessen, Louis 2008
Bei, Dao 1996
Birtwistle, Harrison 2007
Bonnefoy, Yves 2001
Boulez, Pierre 1966
Caro, Anthony 1979
Clemente, Francesco 2002
Coetzee, J. M. 2006
Correa, Charles 1998
Desai, Anita 1992
Drabble, Margaret 2002
Dutilleux, Henri 1981
Eco, Umberto 1999
Foster, Norman 2005
Freud, Lucian 1988
Friel, Brian 1996
Fuentes, Carlos 1985
Fugard, Athol 1988
Gallant, Mavis 1989
Garcia Marquez, Gabriel 1974
Goehr, Alexander 1989
Gordimer, Nadine 1978
Gubaidulina, Sofia 2005
Hadid, Zaha 2000
Havel, Vaclav 1991
Heaney, Seamus 1993
Henze, Hans Werner 1982
Hockney, David 1981
Isozaki, Arata 1998
Kermode, Sir Frank 1999
Kiefer, Anselm 1990
Knussen, Oliver 1994
Koolhaas, Rem 2000
Kundera, Milan 1986
Lessing, Doris 1974
Levi-Strauss, Claude 1977
Lopez-Garcia, Antonio 2005
McEwan, Ian 2006
Munro, Alice 1992
Murcutt, Glenn 2008
Naipaul, V.S. 1981
Niemeyer, Oscar 1964
O'Brien, Edna 1987
Oe, Kenzaburo 1997
Ondaatje, Michael 2000
Pamuk, Orhan 2005
Parra, Nicanor 2003
Part, Arvo 1996
Penderecki, Krzysztof 1998
Pinter, Harold 1984
Richter, Gerhard 1998
Rushdie, Salman 2008
Sculthorpe, Peter 2002
Shankar, Ravi 1974
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr I. 1969
Soulages, Pierre 1979
Soyinka, Wole 1986
Stoppard, Tom 2000
Szymborska, Wislawa 1999
Tal, Josef 1981
Trevor, William 2005
Vargas Llosa, Mario 1986
Voznesensky, Andrei A. 1972
wa Thiongo, Ngugi 2003
Walcott, Derek 1979
Wolf, Christa 1990
Yevtushenko, Yevgeny 1987
Zhang, Jie 1992

Deceased Members

Deceased members are listed from A to Z.

Other Academies

(See entry for the French Academy; the British Academy; and the Spanish Academy.